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Somalia – Situation report, October 2019

Key messages

The latest food security projections in Somalia (October-December) are a concern: - 2.1 million people in IPC Phases 3-4 (twice the pre-crisis average) - 4.2 million people in IPC Phase 2 (highest IPC 2 prevalence recorded in Somalia)

Six out of seven rainy seasons have been poor in Somalia since 2016, including late and erratic rains during the 2019 Gu season (April-June) which produced the lowest Gu cereal harvest since 1995 in southern Somalia.

Pastoralists struggle to recover from severe livestock losses and debt incurred from the drought, although the late Gu 2019 rains helped to replenish pasture and water sources.

The ongoing Deyr rainy season (October-December) is forecast to be average to above-average in most of Somalia and benefit rural livelihoods, though presenting flood risks especially along the Juba and Shabelle rivers and creating favorable breeding grounds for Desert Locust.

FAO is currently delivering assistance at a very large scale to rural communities, including its largest cash+ agriculture campaign for Deyr production (40 000+ households in southern Somalia), an ongoing livestock treatment campaign (14.7 million animals), to be followed by a contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) vaccination campaign (14.5 million goats), among other activities.

FAO urgently seeks funding to address needs in early 2020, including cash and inputs for the main Gu 2020 cropping season.

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations