Somalia: Shelter Cluster Factsheet, Feb 2019

SO1: Contribute to the protection of newly displaced people, IDPs / refugee returns / host community and those affected by natural hazards. (NFIs, ESKs)

SO2: Improve the living conditions and contribute to local reintegration of the protracted internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees returning back to their place of origin (Transitional shelters, Permanent shelters, NFIs)

SO3: Improve the quality of shelter assistance and ensure accountability through effective mechanisms (AAP, M&E)


Somalia faces an enormous internal displacement crisis, fueled by drought, conflict, forced evictions and floods. There are around 2.6 million people are internally displaced in Somalia currently residing in urban and peri-urban informal settlements.

About 2.3 million of the IDPs are living in crowded settlements, without sufficient access to basic services, with poor shelter conditions that raise protection and health concerns. The IDPs remain in need of improved Shelter and NFIs support.

The IDPs have limited access to livelihoods and poor chances to durable solutions.


Low funding is an outstanding challenge is Shelter response in Somalia;

There is another imminent drought crisis in Somalia. Severe droughts in Somalia result in massive displacements of persons.

There are no prepositioned shelter/NFI stocks in case of high influx of IDPs;

Eviction of IDPs undermines the humanitarian services invested in the sites.


* During the month of February 2019, Shelter Cluster assisted:

6,000 people with emergency non-food items (NFI) kits.

Standard emergency non-food kits consists of core relief items for daily household use and include plastic sheets, blankets, jerry cans, sleeping mats and kitchen sets.

600 persons were assisted with Emergency Shelter Kits. An emergency shelter kit includes plastic sheets, supporting poles and a rope for tying down the structure

1,008 persons with Transitional Shelter. This is an incremental shelter assistance for affected that seek to maintain alternative options for their recovery.

774 persons were assisted with Permanent Shelter

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees