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Somalia Drought Crisis – Water Price Monitoring Somalia, February 2019

The Water Price Monitoring assessment aims to establish a data collection, monitoring and reporting system on water market prices in order to allow humanitarian and development actors to better analyse humanitarian needs in areas particularly affected by drought.

February data collection was conducted through a quantitative survey entailing phone calls to water point administrators between 28 February - 11 March in 11 districts. Within these districts, target areas were identified based on availability of partners and accessibility. Only those water points that charge for water in these target areas were assessed.

All prices are shown in United States Dollar (USD) cents for 90L of water. This is the daily amount used by a household of six members, consuming the minimum SPHERE standard of 15L water per person per day. Price changes are subject to exchange rate.

Due to limited coverage at the district level, findings should be considered indicative.


Median water prices increased by 84% in both Baardheere and Luuq, and by 33% in Eyl.

This was mainly attributed to water shortage following a longer than expected dry season. On the other hand, in both Baidoa and Ceel Waaq, the median water price decreased by 50%. This was mainly attributed to households accessing other water points.

Seventy-seven percent (77%) of assessed water points in Baidoa, 72% in Belet Weyne, 71% in Eyl and 67% in Baardheere do not have their water treated at the distribution point.

Furthermore, 67% of assessed water points in Belet Weyne are unimproved and do not have their water treated, which has negative implications on the quality of water.

Source: UN Children's Fund, WASH Cluster