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Security Council takes first steps to strengthen cooperation with the League of Arab States

This morning, Kuwait's Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sabah Khalid Al-Hamad Al-Sabah, who was chairing the meeting, issued a statement by the Security Council on strengthening cooperation between the Security Council and the Security Council. and the League of Arab States. The Deputy Prime Minister had argued in his scoping note * that "building on commonalities among their members (geography, history, principles, languages and identity, to name but a few), regional and sub-regional organizations Regional governments have consistently demonstrated that their unique visions and devices are the least costly and most effective frameworks for identifying the root causes of conflict and determining the best ways to tackle it. "

Given the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, eight years of violence in Syria, the resumption of hostilities in Libya, the worst humanitarian crisis in the world Yemen has become, the incident yesterday in the Gulf of Oman, the situation in Somalia and the "delicate" transition in Sudan, as recalled by the Secretary-General, the Security Council, in its presidential statement, urges the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States to make a annual presentation. He expressed his willingness to consider further steps to promote closer cooperation between the United Nations and the League in the areas of early warning in the event of conflict, prevention, peace-building, and maintenance, consolidation and the sustainability of peace, and to improve the coherence and effectiveness of their efforts.

The Council also undertakes to hold an annual informal meeting between its members and the members of the Arab League Council and to consider the proposal of the Council of Ministers of the League to establish a consultative framework to strengthen collaboration in the field of the maintenance of the peace and security in the Arab region. The Council underlines the importance of strengthening the coordination between the Arab League and United Nations Special Envoys and emphasizes the importance of trilateral coordination and cooperation between the United Nations, the African Union and the United Nations. League of Arab States. He welcomed the opening this month of the United Nations Liaison Office at the headquarters of the League of Arab States in Cairo.

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and his counterpart in the League of Arab States, Ahmed Aboul GheA�t, have both defended the relevance of enhanced cooperation between their organizations. As Mr Guterres has pointed out, no single organization or country can tackle the complex challenges of today's world alone because global problems require global solutions. That's why, the Secretary-General explained, partnerships are essential to maximizing our impact on people's lives and advancing a world order based on international law. "Our cooperation with the League of Arab States is the key."

With a view to achieving this strengthened collaboration and partnership, the Secretary-General of the Arab League has called for an "institutional and permanent" platform between his League and the Security Council to strengthen the level of consultations and to consider ways to better coordinate actions as is the case with other regional organizations. He also called for a common understanding of the causes of conflict and a common approach to their settlement.

The Secretary-General of the League has dwelt on the "centrality" of the question of Palestine and warned that "our position has not changed and we reject any attempt to resolve this issue outside the framework of international law". He called on the Security Council to assume its responsibilities, without selectivity, double standards, and the implementation of its resolutions. Mindful of the internal dynamics of the Council in relation to many crises in the Arab world, which itself is under stress, the Secretary-General of the League emphasized respect for the purposes and principles of the United Nations. While delegations confirmed their commitment to the two-State solution,

Hoping that stakeholders will be aware of the plan with an open and constructive spirit, the United States said it expects ideas and strategies from the Arab world to ensure a better and more prosperous future for the Palestinian people. In light of the incident in the Gulf of Oman where two tankers were attacked yesterday, they once again welcomed the declaration made by the Arab League on May 31, after its meeting in Mecca, to denounce the "destabilizing" behavior of Iran.

This Emergency Summit, the Secretary-General of the League agreed, was perhaps the best and most recent example of our willingness to play a more dynamic role in maintaining peace in the Arab States that seized this opportunity to reaffirm their solidarity with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates in the face of Iranian interference and the crimes committed by the Houthi militias supported by Tehran. The threats to the security of the Arab world will not stop at the Arab borders, he warned, calling on the international community to say loudly to "our neighbors" that their subversive acts are unacceptable and the game to hide behind men of straw, intolerable.

France called for restraint and de-escalation. It is important, she insisted, to work towards the gradual establishment of a regional dialogue that could be the appropriate forum to discuss all sources of concern. The Russian Federation did not say anything else after regretting that "we are creating" a "tension" around Iran and stressed that the crises in Yemen and Libya are precisely the result of "unthinking" decisions. In the Arab world, the challenges are enormous and "all of us here around this table" need to be flexible to meet them, the UK has advised.

* S / 2019/455

Cooperation between the United Nations and regional and subregional organizations for the maintenance of international peace and security

Cooperation between the Security Council and the League of Arab States ( S / 2019/455 )

Statement by the President of the Security Council

The Security Council reaffirms its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.

The Security Council recalls its resolutions and presidential statements, which stress the importance of effective partnerships between the United Nations, in accordance with the United Nations Charter and the constitutions of regional and subregional organizations. United Nations and these organizations.

The Council welcomes the presentations made by United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States, Ahmed Aboul Gheit, on 13 June 2019, and reiterates that cooperation with international organizations regional and subregional peacekeeping and security, as provided for in Chapter VIII of the Charter, can enhance collective security.

The Council urges the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States to make an annual statement and expresses its readiness to consider further measures to promote closer cooperation between the United Nations and the League of Arab States in the fields of Early warning in the event of conflict, prevention, peace-building, and the maintenance, consolidation and sustainability of peace, and to improve the coherence and effectiveness of their efforts. In that regard, he welcomed the strong cooperative initiatives that already existed between the United Nations and the League of Arab States.

The Council takes note of the results of the general meetings on cooperation held between the United Nations Secretariat and the League of Arab States, and their specialized agencies, the most recent of which took place in Geneva in July 2018.

The Council undertakes to hold an annual informal meeting between its members and the members of the Council of the League of Arab States, and to consider the proposal of the Council of Ministers of the League of Arab States to establish a consultative framework between the League of Arab States and the United Nations to strengthen collaboration in the field of peacekeeping and security in the Arab region.

The Council stresses the importance of strengthening coordination between the League of Arab States and the United Nations Special Envoys to deal with ongoing crises in the Arab region, in order to better understand these crises and to make the two organizations better able to provide effective solutions through joint action, where necessary. It also stresses the importance of trilateral coordination and cooperation between the United Nations, the African Union and the League of Arab States on issues of interregional peace and security, and with other regional organizations on gender issues. 'common interest.

The Council underlines and encourages the steps taken by the League of Arab States to contribute to the collective efforts to peacefully resolve the conflicts in the region while reaffirming its strong commitment to sovereignty, independence, unity and unity. the territorial integrity of countries and the purposes and principles of the Charter.

The Council commends the members of the League of Arab States for their continued commitment to the maintenance and consolidation of peace at the international level, including by providing contingents and police personnel for peacekeeping operations United Nations.

Council welcomes the forthcoming June 2019 opening of the United Nations Liaison Office at the League of Arab States Headquarters in Cairo, and commits the UN Secretariat and the General Secretariat of the League of Arab States make maximum use of the services of this office to strengthen cooperation between the two organizations.

The Council requests the Secretary-General to report, as appropriate, on new ways to strengthen institutional relations and cooperation between the two organizations.

declarations

From the beginning of my term, said Secretary-General ANTA�NIO GUTERRES, I have given priority to cooperation with regional organizations to prevent conflict and maintain peace. No single organization or country can tackle the complex challenges of today's world because global problems require global solutions. That's why, the Secretary-General explained, partnerships are essential to maximizing our impact on people's lives and advancing a world order based on international law. "Our cooperation with the League of Arab States is the key. "

The Secretary-General recalled that he had the honor of participating in the Arab League Summit in Tunis last March and welcomed the fact that the Tunis Declaration reaffirms the universal values and objectives of the Charter of Nations. United. Our two organizations, he continued, share the common mission of preventing conflict, resolving disputes and acting in a spirit of solidarity and unity. Among the challenges facing the Arab region is the chance to exploit the words and intentions of the Charters of both organizations to bring real change to the Arab world and beyond.

With regard to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, for example, we maintain, said the Secretary-General, our collective commitment to the two-State vision, based on the relevant United Nations resolutions, the long-established principles, previous agreements and international law. "There is no alternative to the two-State solution. There is no plan B, "reiterated the Secretary-General. "Ending the occupation that began in 1967 and achieving the negotiated outcome of the two states is the only way to lay the foundation for lasting peace. "

After more than eight years of violence, the Secretary-General said, the conflict in Syria continues to wreak havoc among the civilian population, impose an additional burden on neighboring States and threaten international peace and security. The Secretary-General called for an inclusive and credible political solution, based on Security Council resolution 2254 (2015), including the convening of a credible, inclusive and balanced constitutional committee. The support and active participation of the international community, including the Arab League Member States, will be essential. "Of course," any solution must respect the territorial integrity of Syria, including the occupied Syrian Golan.

In Libya, continued the UN chief, there is no military solution. We must work for a ceasefire and return to the negotiating table, he said. After commending Iraq's sustained and active efforts to strengthen its relations with neighboring countries, the Secretary-General stressed that Iraq needs the continued and sustained support of the region and the international community for the country. help rebuild and overcome the trauma and impact of Daesh. "The country's Arab neighbors have a crucial role to play," the Secretary-General insisted. The League of Arab States is also "indispensable" to support the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Lebanon.

In Yemen, we continue to work towards the resumption of negotiations for a lasting political solution, and the implementation of the Stockholm Agreement of 2018 will not only significantly improve humanitarian access but will also contribute to a settlement. sustainable policy. "All of these efforts require the patience, the good faith, and the commitment of all of us to preserve the gains and exploit them. "

The Secretary-General noted with deep concern the incident that occurred this morning in the Strait of Hormuz and strongly condemned any attack on a civilian ship. "The facts must be established and the responsibilities clarified," he said. "If there's one thing the world does not need, it's a big confrontation in the gulf region. "

In Somalia, the international community must remain united to support political progress and the development of security institutions. The League of Arab States is a key partner. As an organization with important Member States, the League can provide political support and contribute to economic development.

In the case of Sudan, which is undergoing a delicate transition, the United Nations is working with its regional partners, in particular the African Union, to support this process with the aim of enabling the Sudanese parties to reach agreement on a transitional authority. inclusive and civil transition, Guterres said.

For all these efforts and for others, we continue to invest in strengthening our engagement with regional and subregional organizations, concluded the Secretary-General, who was pleased to report that the UN liaison with the League of Arab States in Cairo will be operational this month. He said he expects the Bureau, the first of its kind to be financed from the regular budget of the United Nations; that it improves the effectiveness of the cooperation between the two Organizations.

I am addressing you today from a region "riddled with conflicts and deep crises, some of which are extremely difficult to resolve," said Mr. AHMED ABOUL GHEIT, Secretary-General of the League of Arab States. These crises and conflicts, he was alarmed, are heavy consequences for entire generations, in the grip of anger and frustrations. Most of these crises and conflicts are on the agenda of the Security Council, but for various reasons the Council has not been able in some cases to adopt a clear position or to implement its decisions.

The complex situation in Syria has entered its ninth year without the prospect of a political solution. In Yemen, the people are still suffering from a humanitarian crisis largely due to the determination of an illegal faction to take power, with a real risk for neighboring countries and for shipping.

Libya is experiencing new military hostilities that are a threat to the political process and the Israeli occupation of the Occupied Palestinian Territories will remain the main source of destabilization fueling radicalization in the Middle East and beyond. Our region, warned the Secretary-General, will never have any real security or stability without the end of the occupation and the creation of an independent Palestinian State.

The Secretary-General has denounced "unprecedented regional and international interference" in the internal affairs of Arab countries, the spread of militias and armed groups fighting national armies and the growing threat of "financed and supported" terrorist groups, as well as worrisome developments in Gulf waters, attacks on yesterday's oil tankers and missiles launched in the heart of Saudi Arabia. Some parts of the region are trying to stir up the fire and we must be aware of this, alerted Mr. Aboul Gheit, whose League is trying to meet these challenges.

The Arab League, he said, is committed to playing a more dynamic role in maintaining peace in the Arab States. The emergency summit held in Mecca two weeks ago was without a doubt the best and most recent example of this will. The Arab countries thus had the opportunity to reaffirm their solidarity with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates in the face of Iranian interference and the crimes committed by the Houthi militias supported by Tehran. The threats to the security of the Arab world will not stop at the Arab borders, warned the Secretary-General, who called for the "essential" solidarity of the international community,

The Secretary-General then turned to the Council to make a number of proposals, starting with the development of an "institutional and permanent" platform between the two bodies to strengthen the level of consultations and consider ways to better coordinate actions as is the case with other regional organizations. This would enable the Security Council to make decisions based on information and assessments coming from the region. This is not new, but a renewed commitment to the implementation of this approach is needed.

Mr Aboul Gheit also called for a common understanding of the causes of conflict and a common approach to their settlement. This, he said, was due to closer cooperation between United Nations Envoys and Special Representatives and the League. In this regard, he welcomed the efforts of the Special Envoy for Libya, Mr. Ghassan Salame, and the approach of the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East. East (UNRWA), Mr. Pierre KrA�henbuhl. These forms of cooperation are a good example for exchanges and cooperation between the League and the United Nations.

The Secretary-General welcomed the opening of the UN Liaison Office in Cairo and argued that cooperation should cover early warning, mediation, good offices, preventive diplomacy, conflict resolution and consolidation and postconflict reconstruction. He also praised the institutional support provided by the United Nations to the League's Member States for strengthening peacekeeping.

Despite the seriousness of the challenges in his region, the League, he stressed, remains a partner of choice in the multilateral system and a major contributor to peacekeeping efforts both in the Arab region and beyond. . He also recalled the financial support provided last year by the Arab countries to UNRWA whose deficit could be filled. Before concluding, he warned of the danger of maintaining the status quo in Palestine.

Our position has not changed and we reject any attempt to resolve this issue outside the framework of international law, he warned. The Secretary-General called on the Security Council to shoulder its responsibilities, without selectivity, double standards, and the implementation of its resolutions. Mindful of the Council's internal dynamics in relation to many crises in the tense Arab world itself, the Secretary-General stressed the need to respect the purposes and principles of the United Nations. Enhanced cooperation between the United Nations and the Arab League would allow complementary action in the spirit of Article VIII of the Charter on cooperation with regional organizations.

Mr. SABAH KHALID AL HAMAD AL SABAH, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs of Kuwait, said that the purpose of today's meeting is to consolidate the principle of engaging regional organizations to help resolve conflicts, in accordance with the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations, and in particular Chapter VIII thereof. While the "roots" of relations between the United Nations and the League of Arab States date back to the 1950s, the head of Kuwaiti diplomacy welcomed the inauguration of the Liaison Office to the League of Arab States in Cairo which augurs a new impetus in these relations. The Security Council, he said, has already recognized the League's contribution to efforts to resolve disputes in the Middle East region. But this cooperation is still below our aspirations, even after the signing of the amended Memorandum of Understanding between the UN and the League, the Minister regretted. He hoped that consultations would continue between the secretariats of the two organizations to affirm the crucial role of coordination between their Special Envoys in Syria, Yemen and Libya, in order to achieve a better understanding of the conflict situations in their respective countries. those countries. However, the strengthening of this cooperation requires, according to Mr. Al Sabah, an "institutional framework". Developments in the region confirm the importance of enshrining the principles of respect for national sovereignty, territorial integrity and non-interference in internal affairs, added the Minister,

Mr. JACEK CZAPUTOWICZ, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Poland, considered that there was added value to the cooperation between the United Nations and the Arab League. Indeed, the Arab world is the scene of many protracted conflicts that have negative consequences for neighboring countries. In addition, climate change contributes to the lasting impact of armed conflict in several countries of the Arab world. "It is our duty as an international community to do our utmost to bring stability to our region," said Czaputowicz. In recent years, he said, we have witnessed a more systematic use of mediation, as the United Nations Charter in Chapter VIII provides a solid "base" for such partnerships. Only by working together can we prevent conflicts, he said. Keep in mind that to take steps we need to work together to avoid "harmful competition". According to the Head of Polish Diplomacy, it would be useful to draw on the experience of best practice.

Mr. JOSA� SINGER WEISINGER (Dominican Republic) supported efforts and strategies to enhance cooperation between the United Nations and regional and subregional organizations. "Multilateral collaboration" as a means of improving collective security is of paramount importance in the Middle East, thanks in part to contributions from the League of Arab States, he said. Faced with the persistence of conflicts in this region, he called for a comprehensive regional approach and strengthened association with the League. He recalled that cooperation with it includes issues critical to international stability, namely water, human rights, sexual violence in times of conflict, migration, refugees and the fight against terrorism. against terrorism. It considered it necessary to hold regular consultations and coordinated actions at the strategic and operational levels. He welcomed the opening of the United Nations Liaison Office in Cairo and the assistance the Organization is providing to strengthen the League's capacities in the areas of prevention, management, mediation , negotiation and peacekeeping.

Mr JERRY MATTHEWS MATJILA (South Africa) recalled that his delegation had initiated the adoption in 2008 of Resolutions 1809 and in 2012 aimed at strengthening the relationship between the African Union Peace and Security Council and the Security Council. These texts show our common political will as a country and as an organization to strengthen coordination and cooperation between the United Nations and regional organizations. The cooperation is all the more important with these organizations, since sometimes members belong to both organizations, as is the case with the League of Arab States and the African Union. In such cases, regional organizations should work together to find solutions to common problems such as conflict prevention and resolution. This will guarantee a tandem work. South Africa supports improved and increased cooperation between the United Nations and the Arab League, said the representative, who praised the efforts of the latter to promote peace in the Middle East, particularly in Palestine, the oldest item on the agenda of the UN and the League. In that regard, he welcomed the appointment of Khaled Mohamed Khiari as Assistant Secretary-General for the Middle East and Asia-Pacific.

In his cooperation with the League, the representative stressed, the Security Council must be coherent and renounce all selectivity and primacy of national interests to the detriment of the general interest. The underlying causes of uprisings and conflicts must be addressed in a coordinated manner, the representative stressed. The international community has had a quick response in some cases while in others cooperation has been lacking. This is clearly evident in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, in which despite regional efforts, the League of Arab States is not even included in the Quartet for the Middle East, denounced the representative.

Mr. JOHNATAN R. COHEN (United States) supported cooperation between the League and the United Nations and welcomed the establishment of the Liaison Office in Cairo. He thanked the League for working with his country to realize the vision of a stable, prosperous and secure Middle East, citing the League's support for the legitimate Government of Yemen and the World Coalition against Daesh. He praised the League's "friends and allies" for their firm resolve to keep "Assad's Syria" out of the equation and not to normalize relations with "his regime" until a solution is found. in accordance with resolution 2254 be found. Iran, he said, remains the most dangerous threat to regional peace and security. The representative therefore welcomed the declaration made by the Arab League on May 31 after its meeting in Mecca to denounce the destabilizing behavior of Iran. It is unacceptable, the representative said, that a state is attacking commercial vessels, and today's attack in the Gulf of Oman raises serious concerns. The US Government, he said, offers his help and will continue to assess the situation. Coming to the peace process in the Middle East, the representative said that the White House is working on a vision that offers everyone a bright future and will be made public at the right time. We hope, he said, that stakeholders will be aware of the plan with an open mind and will be willing to discuss it constructively.

Mr FRANCOIS DELATTRE (France) said that the scale of the political and security challenges facing the Arab world today justifies "more than ever" a sustained dialogue between the United Nations and the Arab League. He mentioned, among other things, the persistent threat of Daesh and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery, and considered it essential to support the action of the United Nations to find political solutions to the conflict in Syria, in Yemen. and in Libya. He also considered it important for Council members to reaffirm their commitment to dialogue and regional cooperation.

He underlined the key role played by the Arab League, whose action, he said, is more than ever essential for bringing about consensus among the Arab states and responding to global issues affecting the region. In a context marked by rising tensions in the Gulf, and worrying incidents against two tankers in the Arabian Sea today, restraint and de-escalation must be in order. He stressed that it was necessary to work towards the gradual establishment of a regional dialogue, which could be the appropriate forum for addressing all sources of concern.

Continuing, the representative recalled the first political settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the "full and entire" attachment of France to the two-State solution. The Arab League and the United Nations have in common to define clear parameters in Security Council resolutions and the "Arab Peace Initiative". Any effort, especially economic, must be part of this framework, he added.

Believing that close cooperation between the Arab League and the United Nations should be developed, Delattre welcomed the upcoming opening of a UN Liaison Office to the Arab League in Cairo. He called for the strengthening of exchanges between the members of the Security Council and the Arab League and to foster a better apprehension by the Council and the United Nations of regional dynamics. This includes, he felt, the creation of cross-cutting forums and the Board could also meet informally with Special Envoys and Special Representatives for the North Africa and Middle East area, a once a year, in the presence of a representative of the Arab League. He also spoke about the holding, on June 23 and 24, in Marseilles, of the Summit of the two banks.

According to Mr. DIAN TRIANSYAH DJANI (Indonesia), "neighbors know better". That is why cooperation with regional and subregional organizations in the maintenance of international peace and security is crucial. He recalled that the League of Arab States, with its 22 members and 6% of the world's population, is of great importance. Given that many countries in the Arab region are in conflict, the renewed determination of the League to strengthen its role in conflict prevention, mediation, peacekeeping and its consolidation in the Arab region is to be commended. The League, the delegate argued, is well placed to find solutions to these conflicts, given its unique understanding of the dynamics of conflict situations.

Cooperation between the Security Council and the League must be strengthened based on their comparative advantages and the principles of the Charter. It is therefore necessary to make this cooperation more structured to ensure its effectiveness and viability. While the annual meetings between the two bodies should be commended, the interactions should go further and allow for a more substantive dialogue that will lead to concrete actions. Mr. Djani requested that the focus be on prevention and mediation. According to him, addressing the root causes of conflict is imperative to prevent the resumption of violence. There is indeed a link between peace and security and development. Identifying and addressing the socio-economic causes of violence is important. Similarly, the mediation efforts of the League must be promoted and supported. Areas such as information sharing, common early warning signs, and the empowerment and capacity building of the League need to be explored.

Mr. ZHAOXU MA (China) reiterated the need for the United Nations and the League of Arab States to continue the dialogue and consultations, since many of the problems in the Middle East are closely interlinked and their interdependence requires setting up a "unified architecture". We need to strengthen our coordination and create new synergies, he insisted. He cited as an example the initiative of his President who, last June, at the eighth ministerial meeting of the Sino-Arab Forum in Beijing, announced the launch of a "strategic partnership" between the Arab countries and China, paving the way for a new chapter in their cooperation.

Mrs KAREN VAN VLIERBERGE (Belgium) said that the Arab world is currently facing a number of challenges ranging from conflicts in some of its countries to thematic challenges such as the preservation and management of water resources. The conflicts in Syria, Yemen and Libya, as well as the stalemate in the Middle East peace process, are significantly destabilizing the region, exacerbating tensions between its member states and putting its security at serious risk. Through their internationalization, these conflicts are also endangering global peace and security, she said. The region is stronger when she speaks with a voice. The widespread support of the region to UNRWA is a good example as is the two-State solution.

Given the gravity and complex and multidimensional nature of the challenges, enhanced dialogue and collaboration within the League of Arab States as between the League and the Security Council are of crucial importance. "We therefore support the request to convene the Security Council and the League of Arab States at regular intervals as is the case with other regional organizations such as the European Union and the African Union. The League has a role to play in conflict prevention, said the representative, who supported efforts to strengthen this dimension. A joint analysis and common early warning mechanisms are essential instruments in this regard. In this context, she continued, we welcome the announcement of the opening of the United Nations Liaison Office to the League of Arab States in Cairo towards the end of this month. Cooperation between the UN and the League must also be guided by the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, said the representative.

Mr VASSILY A. NEBENZIA (Russian Federation) stressed the importance of finding "Arab solutions to Arab problems" in the same way that "African solutions to African problems" should be found. The Security Council, he noted, attaches prime importance to situations in the Middle East, which are almost as numerous as those before it in Africa. The representative regretted that the crises in Syria and Libya are the result of "rash" decisions. For him, the League of Arab States is a key multilateral dialogue mechanism for the region and its role needs to be strengthened. He regretted that "one creates" a "tension" around Iran and advocated a mediation of the Arab League on this issue, in cooperation with the Security Council.

Mr. GUATAVO MEZA-CUADRA (Peru) explained that his country has historical links with the countries of the Middle East. He regretted the persistence of challenges in the Middle East that have turned into grave threats to international peace and security. Citing the conflicts in Libya, Yemen and Syria, he also condemned recent incidents in the Gulf of Oman. In view of this delicate situation, Peru believes that strengthening multilateralism and cooperation between the United Nations and the League of Arab States is absolutely necessary. He welcomed the League's leadership role in the search for peace and stability in the Middle East and the Secretary-General's proposal to open a Liaison Office in Cairo. But, he said, this relationship must be given a predictable character. He therefore welcomed the idea of a constitutive framework between the United Nations and the League and that of an annual meeting between these two organizations. Coordination possibilities should be extended to the protection of civilians and humanitarian assistance, the representative said. The UN and the League of Arab States should work together to break the current stalemate in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, the representative said.

Mr. JUERGEN SCHULZ (Germany) began his speech by referring to the situation in Syria, reiterating his commitment to a solution negotiated on the basis of Security Council resolution 2254 (2015). He expressed concern about the escalation in the north-west of the country and condemned the attack yesterday on two oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman, "incidents that could add to the crises already raging in the country. the region ". According to him, a relevant area of cooperation between the League of Arab States and the United Nations, are human rights. The representative expressed concern about the tendency of some countries in the region to deny protection to minorities and respect for LGBTQI. He returned to the holding, on 24 and 25 February, of the first summit of the European Union and the League of Arab States in Sharm el-Sheikh, which resulted in the adoption of a declaration on strengthening the partnership between the two regional organizations. Schulz said the opening of a UN liaison office in Cairo will also play a key role.

Mr. KACOU HOUADJA LA�ON ADOM (CAte d'Ivoire) stressed that political instability and protean security threats, especially in Syria, Yemen, Libya and Palestine, with their disastrous humanitarian consequences, have over the years considerably weakened the legitimate hope of a lasting peace nourished by the populations of these regions. In this regional context of the difficulties of finding viable political compromises between the parties to the conflict, United Nations support for the mediation efforts and good offices of regional organizations in the context of preventive diplomacy will be necessary.

For example, cooperation between the United Nations and the League of Arab States is an approach that needs to be promoted and strengthened in light of the complexity of political, security and humanitarian challenges. That is why CAte d'Ivoire welcomed the announcement by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, at the thirtieth ordinary session of the League of Arab States Summit in March 2019 in Tunis, of the opening of a UN liaison office to the League, in accordance with General Assembly resolution A / 73/267. Mr. Adom also felt that United Nations support should also focus on the development efforts of States in the region, in order to find solutions to the economic and social causes of the crises in the area. So,

Mr. NARCISO SIPACO RIBALA (Equatorial Guinea) began by condemning attacks on vessels in the Gulf of Oman. He underscored his delegation's commitment to cooperation between the United Nations and regional organizations, including the League of Arab States. These regional organizations enjoy the geographical proximity of theaters of conflict and crisis, he noted. Thus the League of Arab States has special knowledge that can contribute to a better cultural understanding of the causes of conflict in its region. It is a valuable contribution to the members of the Security Council, said the representative for whom the League is essential in the settlement of conflicts in the Middle East. As proof of his contributions to date,

Mr. JONATHAN GUY ALLEN (United Kingdom) said that while the situation in the Middle East is changing, the League of Arab States has shown determination to strengthen security and stability in the region. He encouraged greater collaboration between the United Nations and the League on the various issues relating to the Middle East. In this regard, he called on the international community to support the demands of the Sudanese people and said that the United Kingdom condemns the use of force against peaceful protests. He called on all partners, including the States members of the League of Arab States, to support the efforts of the African Union in Sudan.

With regard to Syria, he maintained that only a political solution will make it possible to emerge from the current crisis. "As members of the Council, we are all co-responsible" to achieve this, said the representative before reiterating again that the United Kingdom will not participate in the reconstruction of Syria as long as such a viable solution will not not found and applied.

On the Israeli-Palestinian issue, he continued to advocate for a two-state solution and called on all parties to respect international law and international humanitarian law. With regard to Libya, the representative stressed that the escalation of violence did not benefit anyone and urged all parties to respect the ceasefire and to support the efforts of the Special Envoy of Libya. UN. The representative also supported the efforts of the Special Envoy for Yemen and, in turn, expressed concern about the attack on oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman. In the Arab world, the challenges are enormous, he concluded, stressing the need for "all of us around this table" to be flexible in addressing them. He encouraged closer collaboration between the United Nations,

Source: N Security Council

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