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On World Refugee Day, the challenges facing a record 25 million refugees

The UN estimates the number of refugees has reached a record high � nearly 26 million worldwide, not counting the tens of millionsinternally displaced within their own countries, nor millions more rendered stateless.

The majority of the world's refugees come from just three countries � Syria, South Sudan, and Afghanistan � and it is often their neighbours that bear the burden of providing sanctuary.

But refugees may not always find safety and acceptance once they leave home, and the pressure is growing for many to return, especially in countries where attitudes to immigrants have hardened.

Activists accuse several European countries � driven by a rise in support for far-right and nationalist parties � of looking to criminalise humanitarian aid. In the United States, President Donald Trump has intensified his efforts to prevent asylum seekers from crossing the southern border � even as numbers and needs grow in northern Mexico.

Who exactly counts as a refugee comes with its own thorny politics. Last month, the's UN's refugee agency, UNHCR, released a statement saying that Venezuelans, who comprised the largest group of new asylum seekers in 2018, should be categorised as refugees � a status that would unlock new aid that could help them resettle and support host countries.

There is also growing scientific evidence in countries like Bangladesh that climate change is the likely culprit for specific disasters that spark humanitarian emergencies and large displacements of people.

On World Refugee Day, take a look at TNH's reporting from around the globe, telling the stories of those who have been forced to flee their homes, from farmers in Somalia to Syrians in Lebanon.

Source: The New Humanitatian

https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/news/2019/06/20/world-refugee-day-challenges-facing-record-25-million-refugees