Friday’s Daily Brief: Education in Africa, Sudan flash-floods, WHO on Ebola, spike in South Sudan violence, Rwanda, Uganda move to normalize relations
A recap of Friday's stories: Education under fire in Central and Western Africa; Sudan flash-floods wreak havoc; Ebola outbreak spreads, albeit with fewer transmissions; UN rights experts on South Sudan; and UN chief welcomes understanding between Rwanda and Uganda
School closures triple in Central and Western Africa as education comes under fire
Children take part in an emergency attack simulation, at a primary school in Dori, Burkina Faso in 26 June 2019.
A surge in deliberate attacks against students, teachers and schools in West and Central Africa has led to a tripling in school closures in the last year and left almost two million youngsters robbed of an education, the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) said on Friday.
In a new report detailing threats of violence against schools across the region and issues as a 'Child Alert', the UN agency warned that a generation of children risks being denied the right to learn.
Former Syrian refugee and UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Muzoon Almellehan sounded the alarm in Geneva: Nearly two million children are out of school due to conflict.
A mother and child attempt to escape the flood water in Niger State, Nigeria, following torrential rains which have hit the region since mid-July 2018.
Fifty-four people have died in Sudan because of flash-flooding since last month, and nearly 194,000 people have been affected across the country, humanitarians have said.
Citing an alert from the Sudanese authorities, the UN's humanitarian coordinating arm, OCHA, reported that 15 out of 18 states have been hit, and more than 37,000 homes destroyed or damaged.
Here's spokesperson Jens Laerke: The affected people are in need of emergency shelter, food, health services and clean water and sanitation. There's also an urgent need for vector control to limit the spread of waterborne diseases by insects, and drainage of stagnant water.
With the rainy season expected to last until October, and more rainfall forecast, humanitarians are concerned by the high likelihood of more flash-floods.
Of the $1.1 billion required to respond to all aid needs in Sudan this year, only 30 per cent has been provided by donors.
In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) the Ebola virus outbreak continues to prove hard to pin down, but UN health experts remain positive that they can eradicate it.
Speaking in Geneva, Michael Ryan from the World Health Organization (WHO) explained that two of the biggest challenges were daily security risks in the north-east, along with the massive movement of people � all potential carriers of the virus.
At the peak of this outbreak we were tracking 22,000 contacts every day; tracking 22,000 different people every day in an area where people, hundreds of thousands of people move in the province every day, has been a huge challenge, said Dr. Ryan.
While the disease has spread in the last two weeks, to Mwenga in South Kivu, he insisted that one of the biggest steps forward was the development of vaccines and therapeutic medicines.
Child Soldiers are released in South Sudan in July 2019 as the country's efforts towards peace continue.
A United Nations expert group looking at human rights in South Sudan said on Friday that it is deeply concerned that, although the overall armed conflict has waned, there has been little progress in adhering to the peace agreement that guided the country thus far.
Civilians with whom we spoke still raised numerous concerns that they feel are barriers to sustainable peace, said Yasmin Sooka, Chair of the UN Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan, reporting from Juba on the panel's seventh field mission, currently under way through 29 August and which includes South Sudan, Uganda, Ethiopia, and Kenya.
Secretary-General Antonio Guterres makes remarks at the Launch of the United Nations Strategy and Plan of Action on Hate Speech meeting. (18 June 2019)
Secretary-General Antonio Guterres welcomed on Friday, the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Presidents Yoweri Museveni of Uganda and Paul Kagame of Rwanda, to normalize bilateral relations between the two countries.
According to a statement, his spokesperson said that Mr. Guterres encourages the parties to implement the agreement in good faith, with a view to restoring friendly relations and cooperation between the two neighbouring States, in the interest of peace, stability and sustainable development in the region.
The UN chief also recognized the important role of the Angolan and Democratic Republic of the Congo Presidents JoAPound o Lourenco and Felix Tshisekedi, respectively, in facilitating the MoU signing.
The Secretary-General stands ready to support the momentum generated through this and other initiatives to advance peace, cooperation and integration in the region, the statement concluded.
Source: UN News Centre